Recently, Beijing Tiantan Hospital published an article in which pharmacists gave countermeasures and nursing suggestions for the six major symptoms that may occur in mild patients.
Symptom 1: Fever
When the new coronavirus attacks the human body, the immune system will actively move and fight the virus fiercely. At this stage, people infected with COVID may experience fever symptoms.
Tips for dealing with fever:
Bed rest: Your immune system is fighting the coronavirus, and as the master, you need to make sure that the “soldiers” on the front line have a good rest to do a good job of rear support.
Drink more water: you need to drink more water when you have a fever, which can replenish the water lost in the body, prevent collapse, and help the body dissipate heat through metabolism; In addition, drinking more water can also increase urine output, urine can help the body remove toxins, viruses, and bacteria from the body.
Eat light and easily digestible food: When you are hot, most of the body’s energy is used to fight the virus, so try to eat light and easily absorbed food at this time to avoid excessive physical strength and make the war against the virus fail.
Drug therapy: for infectious fever, fever itself is one of the manifestations of the body’s immune system to clear the source of infection, in addition to high fever and severe discomfort of the patient, it is usually not necessary to rush to use fever-reducing drugs and other drugs. However, patients with high fever require cooling, and the choice of antipyretic drugs is acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Symptom 2: Coughing
Cough is another common symptom of people infected with new coronary pneumonia, mostly dry cough, which is caused by damage to lung tissue and respiratory tract after new crown pneumonia infection .
Tips for coping with cough:
Mild cough without medicine, good emotional resistance: cough is also a reflex to the patient itself, the most basic response, through coughing pathogens in the respiratory tract through secretions. If the cough symptoms are not particularly severe, you should not take cough medicine.
Cough medicine helps: If the cough symptoms are very severe, there is difficulty breathing, or a tendency to interfere with normal sleep and rest, you can take cough medicine for symptomatic treatment. Available drugs are dextromethorphan hydrobromide tablets, dexmetromethorphan guaiasin syrup, ambroxol hydrochloride tablets, acetylcysteine effervescent tablets, and even Huaqingwen granules (capsules), Xuan lung cough compound, intravenous drinking granules, phlegm hot clear capsules, etc.
Symptom 3: Fatigue
New crown pneumonia is an acute disease, and high fever and high consumption are often one of the causes of fatigue and fatigue in patients. Fatigue and fatigue can affect the patient’s daily life and work, as well as the patient’s mental state. However, if you adopt a positive attitude, depending on your physical condition and energy status, you can arrange your life and work in a state of fatigue and fatigue.
Tips for coping with fatigue:
Rest: Rest can recharge a tired body and relieve anxiety.
Stay on the same page: This is a strategy to help you avoid crashes and manage activities without aggravating symptoms. Planning should be flexible and avoid “excessive fatigue”. You need to fully consider your physical condition and do your best.
Make a good plan: determine what needs to be done first in work and life, and use your energy to complete important things first, so that you can reduce the psychological burden and not be troubled by fatigue and fatigue and failure to complete the corresponding work. Know that bad emotions can affect the progress of physical recovery.
Symptom 4: Loss of smell or taste
Many people infected with covid have symptoms of loss of smell or taste, do not panic, these symptoms usually disappear after cure. For patients with symptoms of loss of smell or taste, the following is recommended:
Brush your teeth twice a day to ensure oral hygiene.
Those who are able can follow the World Health Organization’s scent training recommendations, which include smelling lemons, roses, cloves, and eucalyptus twice a day for 20 seconds each.
Try adding herbs and spices to your food such as chili peppers, lemon juice, etc. However, caution is recommended in patients with diarrhea or normal gastrointestinal dysfunction.
Symptom 5: Diarrhea
After contracting the new crown pneumonia, the virus not only attacks the lungs, but also affects the digestive system, of which diarrhea is a common digestive symptom.
Tips for dealing with diarrhea:
Pay attention to diet: eat a light diet, do not eat heavy oil, heavy salt and foods that are irritating to the gastrointestinal tract.
Drink plenty of water: Diarrhea can cause a lot of water loss, so people with diarrhea should drink more water and replenish the lost water in time.
Patients with severe symptoms can use medications to relieve symptoms: montmorillonite powder, Hui Xiang zhengqi capsules (or pills, water, oral liquid).
Symptom 6: Sore throat and muscle pain
Symptoms such as a sore throat and sore muscles are also common symptoms in people infected with the new coronavirus. Pain can lead to a decrease in sleep quality, further exacerbating fatigue, increasing stress, and increasing the risk of anxiety and depression. Therefore, if a person with COVID has a sore throat, myalgia, or pain in other parts of the body, it should not be taken lightly, and measures should be taken to minimize the impact of pain.
Distraction and relaxation: Listening to relaxing music or meditation can help relieve pain.
Moderate exercise: Moderate exercise helps the body release chemicals called endorphins, which help relieve pain.
Drink plenty of water: It helps relieve a sore throat.
Medications: For joint, muscle, or systemic pain, over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be used. Traditional Chinese medicine Shufeng Detoxification Capsules and Liushen Pills also have a certain effect.
It should be reminded that in mild patients, the above symptoms may appear alone, two or more at the same time, but most of the symptoms are mild and have a certain self-limiting nature. Therefore, do not mess around, but deal with it calmly.